South-central US through central Mexico. As far north as southern Colorado and western Kansas, west to southeastern Arizona, and east to eastern Texas.
Due to living in arid regions below 5000 feet, it spends most of its time burrowed underground, emerging primarily after periods of rain. They move from dry, terrestrial areas to temporary bodies of water during breeding season in spring and summer. Their wide range means they can be found in various habitats such as plains, grasslands, and brushland.
This plump toad is mainly green with black and yellow irregular spots all over. Its ventral surface is solid light cream. It has mildly rough, warty skin and a short snout. They range from 1.5-2.4 inches in snout to vent length, with females being slightly larger than males. Parotid glands are noticeable and elongated. Tadpoles start out black and develop a mottled pattern as they grow up to 1 inch. Their tail fin has a high arch.
Learn more with Schechter Natural History's Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians